Columbine (Native) Seeds
Columbine (Native) Seeds
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Columbine (Native) Seeds

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Native Columbine (Aquilegia canadensis)


Seed Count: ~150 seeds
Days to Germinate: 60 days of cold, moist stratification. See: Winter Sowing & Stratification
Depth to Sow: 1/4"
Seed Spacing: When seedlings are 2" high, thin to 1' apart
Color: red and yellow
Height: 2'
Bloom Time: April - June
Sun Exposure: Full sun to shade
Soil Moisture: Dry to medium soil
Soil Type: Prefers rich and dark, medium well-drained soil
Attracts: Hummingbirds, butterflies, bumblebees, Hawk moths, finches and buntings
Natural Habitat: Partly shaded to shady woodland with calcareous soils that are not too rich, particularly at forest borders, rocky slopes and sometimes the edge of swamps
Drought Tolerance: High
Deer Resistance: Moderate
Larval Host: Columbine Duskywing and Pink-Tinted Beauty butterflies
Native Zone: AL, AR, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, MA, MD, ME,  MI, MN, MO, MS, NC, ND, NE, NH, NJ, NY, OH, OK, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, TX, VA, VT, WI, WV, WY
Pure Live Seed (PLS) Viability Value: 94.98%


Columbine, also called Red or American Columbine, is one of the first plants to provide nectar in the spring for bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds. The colorful flowers are red flowing into yellow.  Besides being an early bloomer, Columbine will tolerate a large range of soil and sun types, so you'll have success with it in full sun as well as shade.  It can grow in pine tree areas and is deer-resistant.  The seeds of Aquilegia are shiny black and smooth - like tiny black pearls.  They can bounce on hard soil surfaces, aiding in their distribution. 

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