Bloodroot (Qt)
Bloodroot (Qt)
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Bloodroot (Qt)

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Native Spring Perennial

Sun Exposure: Part Shade to Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist, Wet
Soil: Moist to mesic, well-drained, humus-rich soils. 
Height: Up to 2'
Bloom Time:  March, April
Bloom Color: White
Deer: Resistant
Drought: Intolerant
Attracts: Native bees
Pollinator benefits: Early pollen for native bees

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Bloodroot, (Sanguinaria canadensis) The single bloodroot leaf and flower each rise on a separate stem, and at first the leaf completely enwraps the flower bud. The clear, white, many-petaled blossom may open before the leaf has completely unwrapped, rising slightly above the leaf to a height of 6-10 in. Leaves, which are large, round, and deeply cleft, eventually reach a height of 12-24 in. On a smooth stalk a solitary white flower, with a golden-orange center, grows beside a lobed basal leaf that often curls around the stalk. Roots and stem with acrid red-orange juice.

This fragile spring flower develops and rises from the center of its curled leaf, opening in full sun, and closing at night. Like most members of the Poppy Family, it lasts for a relatively short time. The red juice from the underground stem was used by Native Americans as a dye for baskets, clothing, and war paint, as well as for insect repellent. The generic name, from the Latin sanguinarius, means "bleeding."

Bloodroots spread rapidly and make an excellent ground cover. Mulch the plants with a thin layer of deciduous leaves during the winter. Effective as ground cover around the base of trees, seeds dispersed by ants.

www.wildflower.org