Mayapple (Qt)
Mayapple (Qt)
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Mayapple (Qt)

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Native Spring Perennial

Sun Exposure: Part Shade to Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist, Wet
Soil: Moist, humus-rich soils. Acid-based, Sandy, Sandy Loam, Medium Loam
Height: 12-18"
Bloom Time:  March, April, May
Bloom Color: Yellow, sometimes tinged with pink, rose, or purple, 2 inches long
Deer: Resistant
Drought: Intolerant
Attracts: Bumble bees and other native bees
Pollinator benefits: Early pollen for native bees

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Mayapple, (Podophyllum petatum) 

Mayapple is unique in that It has only 2 leaves and 1 flower, which grows in the axil of the leaves. The large, twin, umbrella-like leaves of mayapple are showy and conspicuous. They remain closed as the stem lengthens, unfolding 6-8 inches across when the plant has reached its 1-1 1/2 ft. height. The solitary, nodding, white to rose-colored flower grows in the axil of the leaves and has 6-9 waxy white petals, with many stamens. The nodding fruit is a large, fleshy, lemon-shaped berry.

Mayapple colonizes by rhizomes, forming dense mats in damp, open woods. The common name refers to the May blooming of its apple-blossom-like flower. Although the leaves, roots, and seeds are poisonous if ingested in large quantities, the roots were used as a cathartic by Native Americans. The edible, ripe, golden-yellow fruits can be used in jellies. The alternate popular name "Mandrake" rightly belongs to an unrelated Old World plant with a similar root.

www.wildflower.org